Jesus cures the Syrophoenician Woman's Daughter

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Jairus' daughter

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Loaves and fishes


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The dogs mentioned in this miracle story were pets rather than wild dogs or scavengers

Dogs in the Bible

 






 

 


 

 

 


 

 

A mother's prayer

Mark Hammer generously contributed ideas for this page.

Story

  • Jesus was travelling in Gentile territory when a woman approached him and begged him to cure her little daughter, who was troubled in her mind. Jesus seemed reluctant, arguing that he had come to save Jewish people, not Gentiles. Desperate, the woman argued back. Could not he pity her, despite her nationality? If he were eating, wouldn't he throw a few scraps to the dogs? Jesus, taken aback by her persistence, rewarded her faith by curing her daughter.

Themes              

  • A kneeling woman pleadsJesus reaches out to everyone. The women who prayed, and the child who was healed, were both females. Not only that, they were foreigners. Jesus looked past these two counts against them, and saw their intrinsic worth.

  • Persistence pays. The woman in this story would not take 'no' for an answer. She humiliated herself in a desperate effort to save her daughter, refusing to give up even when Jesus rebuffed her. Her quick and nimble repartee turned what seemed like rejection on Jesus' part to her advantage. Jesus lost the argument -- albeit willingly. It is the only time we know of where Jesus was out-argued.

  • It doesn't matter if we are separated in time from Jesus. We can still know him. Three times (this story is one of them) Jesus healed someone at a distance (the Centurion's servant, the nobleman's son, and this woman's child).


Jesus in a foreign country

Map showing the areas around Judea and GalileeNote: This particular woman came from the area near Tyre and Sidon, north of Galilee. These were notoriously ungodly cities. The people who lived there were Gentiles. Many Jews referred to Gentiles as 'dogs'. Mark refers to her as a 'Greek', which is shorthand for 'pagan'.

This story appears shortly before the wrapping-up scenes of Christ's mortal life -- his Transfiguration, the raising of Lazarus, and his final trip to Jerusalem. The Crucifixion and the Resurrection were not far away, but before Jesus faced the danger and the triumph of these events, he journeyed northwards up into the lands of  Tyre and Sidon. At the time of Christ the area of southern Turkey, parts of northern Palestine/Israel and Syria were all the Roman province of Syria, and the southern part of the province of Syria was referred to as Phoenician Syria, hence the description of the woman as 'Syrophoenician'.

Why Jesus was in this northern province, we do not know. If he went there to seek solitude, he was disappointed. His fame had preceded him. The crowds found him, begging for healing and the wisdom only he could give. 

The persistent mother

The Syro-phoenician woman approaches Jesus with her daughter in her arms Both Matthew (Matthew 15:21-28) and Mark (Mark 7:24-30) record the instance.

While he was there a woman approached him crying out to him to heal her daughter, who was possessed by a demon. Jesus ignored her. When she kept crying after him, his disciples suggested that he do something about it since she was making a scene, and they knew he wanted some peace and quiet. He replied that he was only sent to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. She was a Gentile. He would not help.

The woman persisted. She could not be quieted. She threw herself in a pitiful heap at his feet crying out, "Lord, help me!". Finally he acknowledged her:  "It is not meet to take the children's food and give it to the dogs". He had been sent by the Father to the House of Israel, not to Gentiles. The children of the Israel were to be fed first.

Jesus' use of the word 'dogs' sounds harsh, but the term he used was the Greek diminutive kynaria, which meant little dogs, household pets, not outside scavengers. As well, he said that the children of Israel were to be fed first, and this meant that she might expect that her turn would come, if she waited.

A dog watching for food dropped from the tableQuick as a wink, the woman turned the rebuff to her advantage. "True, Lord, yet even the dogs under the table eat the children's crumbs". Impressed, and pleased at her faith and persistence, Jesus granted her wish - 'Be it done for you as you desire'. And the child was cured of her dreadful affliction.

The miracle and what it means

It's a great story of a mother's love. I can't help but think of it every Mother's Day. The Syrophoenician woman was willing to do whatever it took, even if it meant rejection and humiliation, to save her suffering child. Just as Jesus, a short time later, would suffer rejection and humiliation to save us.

It is one of only two times we know of where Jesus healed a Gentile; the other being the Centurion's servant. 

  • In both cases, the sufferer's case was broght to Jesus by someone else. 

  • In both cases, Jesus made a point of remarking upon the faith of the Gentile. 

  • In both cases, Jesus did not visit the suffering person but healed them from afar.Middle Eastern mother and daughter, both smiling

Note: This story is also the only place in the New Testament where Jesus specifically said to his disciples that he was only sent to the House of Israel. That adds an extra dimension to the later story of Peter and Cornelius, where Peter rejects the difference between Jew and Gentile (Acts 1:8). 


The story in Matthew's and Mark's gospels

Freshly baked bread21 And Jesus went away from there and withdrew to the district of Tyre and Sidon. 22 And behold, a Canaanite woman from that region came out and cried, "Have mercy on me, O Lord, Son of David; my daughter is severely possessed by a demon." 23 But he did not answer her a word. And his disciples came and begged him, saying, "Send her away, for she is crying after us." 24 He answered, "I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel." 25 But she came and knelt before him, saying, "Lord, help me." 26 And he answered, "It is not fair to take the children's bread and throw it to the dogs." 27 She said, "Yes, Lord, yet even the dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their masters' table." 28 Then Jesus answered her, "O woman, great is your faith! Be it done for you as you desire." And her daughter was healed instantly. (Matthew 15:21-28)

24 And from there he arose and went away to the region of Tyre and Sidon. And he entered a house, and would not have any one know it; yet he could not be hid. 25 But immediately a woman, whose little daughter was possessed by an unclean spirit, heard of him, and came and fell down at his feet. 26 Now the woman was a Greek, a Syrophoeni'cian by birth. And she begged him to cast the demon out of her daughter. Clear-eyed, calm young woman from the Middle East27 And he said to her, "Let the children first be fed, for it is not right to take the children's bread and throw it to the dogs." 28 But she answered him, "Yes, Lord; yet even the dogs under the table eat the children's crumbs." 29 And he said to her, "For this saying you may go your way; the demon has left your daughter." 30 And she went home, and found the child lying in bed, and the demon gone. (Mark 7:24-30)

 


For additional information on the lives of women in the Bible, see

Family, work and religion: the family, slaves, women's tasks, beliefs

Milestones in a woman's life: Puberty, menstruation, marriage, childbirth, death, burials

Clothing and housing : ancient fabric, weaving, different styles for rich and poor

 

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Bible Woman - Women of the New Testament: The Syro-Phoenician Woman's daughter cured by Jesus
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